Sunday, August 12, 2012

No. 91 Fort Casey, Whidbey Island

United States Army Garrison Fort Casey

Located three miles south of Coupeville, Wash., on Whidbey Island in Puget Sound in Island County.
From I-5 north:
Take the Anacortes/Whidbey Island exit (#230), and drive to the Whidbey Island turnoff. From there, proceed south on Hwy. 20 to Coupeville. Follow the signs to the Keystone Ferry terminal. The park entrance sign is between the ferry terminal parking lot and the Camp Casey barracks in the 25 MPH zone.
From the Mukilteo Ferry terminal at Clinton:
Take Hwy. 525 following signs to the Keystone Ferry terminal. Pass the Keystone Ferry parking lot, and take first entrance to the left. 
From the south:
Follow signs to the Keystone Ferry terminal. Pass ferry parking lot, and take first entrance to the left.

In 1858, the U.S. government purchased ten acres of land costing $400 for the construction of Admiralty Head Lighthouse. In 1890, the army took over the premises. It named its garrison "Fort Casey" in honor of Brigadier General Thomas Lincoln Casey, the last U.S. Army chief of engineers. At that time, Fort Casey, in union with Fort Worden and Fort Flagler, was said to comprise a "triangle of fire" guarding the entrance to Puget Sound.

When the fort was constructed, the old lighthouse had to be moved. A new lighthouse was built on the present site in 1903. Today the Admiralty Head Lighthouse at Fort Casey serves as a historic landmark and interpretive center. The park was incorporated into Ebey's Landing National Historic
in 1980.

10" inch Canon at Fort Casey
10 inch Shell loading port
B_T_PHOTOS_February 21_ 2011_IMG_0001.DNG-23
Construction on Fort Casey was started in 1897. In 1901, her big guns on disappearing carriages, which could be raised out of their protective emplacements so that the guns were exposed only long enough to fire, became active. However, the fort's ammunition batteries became obsolete almost as soon as their construction was completed. The invention of the airplane in 1903, and the subsequent development of military aircraft made the fort vulnerable to air attack. In addition, the development of battleships designed with increasingly accurate weaponry transformed the static strategies of the nineteenth century into the more mobile attack systems of the twentieth century. Most of Fort Casey's guns and mortars were removed and sent to Europe and the Pacific during World War II, where they were mounted on railcars to serve as mobile heavy artillery. In 1935, the Coast Artillery withdrew the station's battery assignments and placed it on inactive status. As World War II approached, military officials reactivated Fort Casey after making physical improvements to the aging frame-plaster construction. Two of the fort's 10-inch (25-cm) seacoast artillery guns on their carriages were salvaged in the mid-1960's from their final active duty location at Fort Wint on the U. S. Naval Base Subic Bay.The guns showed visible shrapnel scarring from the effects of the Japanese bombings in the Philippines at the opening of World War II. Two 3-inch (76-mm) rapid-fire guns from Fort Wint are also mounted at Fort Casey.

Fort Casey 10 inch Gun on display
Cannon mounted on Disappearing Carriage
Fort Casey 10 inch Gun on display
The business end of a 10inch Shell
Fort Casey 10 inch Gun on display
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